Burnley FC

Football (Soccer)
Burnley, England

Burnley Football Club is a professional association football club based in Burnley, Lancashire. The team will play in the Premier League, the highest level of English football in the 2016–17 season after winning the league title in the 2015–16 season in the Football League Championship.

About Burnley FC

Burnley Football Club is a professional association football club based in Burnley, Lancashire. The team will play in the Premier League, the highest level of English football in the 2016–17 season after winning the league title in the 2015–16 season in the Football League Championship.

Nicknamed The Clarets, due to the dominant colour of their home shirts, they were one of the founder members of the Football League in 1888. The club colours of claret and blue were adopted in 1910 in tribute to the dominant club of English football at the time, Aston Villa. It was thought the colours might lift and inspire Burnley to emulate the aforementioned side; the colours before claret and blue were yellow and black. Their home ground since 1883 has been Turf Moor, the longest continuously professional used football ground in the world with a natural turf. In the 2014–15 Premier League season, Turf Moor was the longest continuously professional used football ground in the top tier in the world.

Burnley have been Football League Champions twice, in 1920–21 and 1959–60, have won the FA Cup once, in 1914, and have won the Community Shield twice, in 1960 and 1973. The Clarets also reached the 1961 quarter-finals of the European Cup. They are one of only three teams to have won all top four professional divisions of English football, along with Wolverhampton Wanderers and Preston North End.

Burnley have got many records and firsts to their name. Burnley are the smallest town ever to give birth to a Football League Championship, a professional FA Cup winner and runner-up and a Community Shield winning team. In the 1950s and 1960s, Burnley were one of the most innovative sides in world football, mostly due to Bob Lord, Alan Brown and Harry Potts. Burnley were for example a major factor in the development of youth academies around the world, by being the first ever club in the world to have built a training centre at Gawthorpe in Padiham. This process resulted in much greater development for youth players. Nearly all members of the 1959–60 Division 1 winning team had played in the Burnley youth team. Lord also pioneered the ’football specials’. ’The Clarets’ were also the first to let a manager decide about the transfer policy. Not long after, some of the most prestigious clubs around the world emulated Burnley.

The absolute highlight for Burnley in this period was the English title win in 1959–60. The "Republic of Burnley" won the championship on the last day, beating Manchester City 1–2 at Maine Road, while Burnley had not topped the table all season long before the Manchester City game. Burnley’s championship winning squad was, except three bought players none of which had played a single Football League game before, entirely made up of youth players who came through the Gawthorpe ranks. Burnley’s style of play also won many admirers, including all-time First Division top scorer Jimmy Greaves. Burnley’s style of play was attacking and they were deadly at standard situations. It had its origins in ex-Burnley manager Alan Brown. He introduced at his time at Burnley in 1954 a pioneering use of short corners and huge array of free kick routines, which were copied across the land. Burnley was therefore known as the "deadball wizards". Burnley also introduced the then unknown concept of Total Football in Britain during that period, which made Burnley one of the more attacking sides in the country.

The club spent most of their early history in England’s top two football divisions, but remained outside the top flight from 1976 to 2009. From 1985 to 1992 they had a seven-year spell in the lowest tier of the Football League. In 1987 they narrowly avoided relegation to the Conference. Between 2000 and 2009 they played in the second tier of English football, until they gained promotion to the Premier League for the first time in 33 years after winning the 2009 Championship play-off final, but were relegated after a single season. The club played in the Premier League again in 2014–15 after being promoted from the Football League Championship at the end of the 2013–14 season as runners-up to Leicester City. On 9 May 2015, Burnley were relegated back to the Championship despite a 1–0 win against relegation rivals Hull City. On 2 May 2016, Burnley clinched promotion back to the Premier League with a 1–0 win over Queens Park Rangers. On 7 May 2016 they were confirmed as champions following a 0–3 win against Charlton Athletic.

Credit: Wikipedia

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